Event Type:

Department Colloquium

Date/Time:

Tuesday, October 4, 2005 - 08:00

Location:

Kidd 364

Guest Speaker:

Institution:

Department of Mathematics, UC Santa Barbara

Abstract:

We will describe the mathematical theory of how the surface of the earth evolves. This theory is still evolving and many details need to be added but there are reasons to believe that foundation is describe by the following situation. A stochastic theory of fluvial landsurfaces has been developed for transport-limited erosion, using well-established models for the water and sediment fluxes. The mathematical models and analysis shows that some aspects of landsurface evolution can be described by Markovian stochastic processes. The landsurfaces are described by non-deterministic stochastic processes, characterized by a statistical quantity the variogram, that exibits characteristic scalings. Thus these landsurfaces are shown to be SOC (Self-organized-critical) systems, possessing both an initial transient state and a stationary state, characterized by respectively temporal and spatial scalings.